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11.11.2018 — 1

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Energy: Tuesday Updates. #SDdigest

07.11.2018 — 0

  • Elon Musk’s Space Exploration Technologies Corp, known as SpaceX, is looking to line up a US$750m leveraged loan, sources said. Bank of America Merrill Lynch is leading the transaction. A lenders presentation will be held by the SpaceX management team on November 7.
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    Tesla rival Nikola Motor unveils hydrogen-powered truck for Europe. U.S. electric truck maker Nikola Motor unveiled the third version of its hydrogen-powered electric semitrailer truck on Tuesday, which it says will be aimed at European customers. Trevor Milton, the firm’s founder and chief executive, said:

"The Nikola Tre — tre meaning "three" in Norwegian — will be the "first European zero-emission commercial truck.""

  • Scientists reveal strange molecule that can store sun’s energy for 18 Years. A Swedish research team believes it found the breakthrough renewables was looking for, a solar thermal fuel that can store the sun’s energy for up to 18 years.
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  • The gas engine still has a long life to live, Aston Martin CEO says. The British manufacturer of sports cars has made concessions to the trend towards all-electric vehicles with its RapidE, due for sale in 2019. The firm’s ultra-luxury brand, Lagonda, will also have an electric drive train and is due in 2021.

  • Hyundai, Kia team up to invest $250 million in ride-hailing firm Grab. The partnership will see Grab, Hyundai and Kia bring stakeholders from the EV sector together to work on improving the adoption of EVs in the region. A number of projects will be launched, beginning with one in Singapore next year. That pilot will look to use electric vehicles to "maximize cost efficiencies for Grab’s driver-partners."

See you tomorrow!

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Solar DAO 2.0: New DAO, Eco-Crowdfunding, New Tokens, ​and Social Responsibility

07.11.2018 — 0

Solar DAO Blockchain project to release free tokens and build a “green-kickstarter” Ecotopia.

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Solar DAO upgrades “closed fund” to an opened Marketplace Community. They are building a legal peer-to-peer environment for funding/backing projects from it in a variety of ways. Marketplace members will get a bunch of opportunities, for example, to choose sustainable projects to invest or to offer their own project or initiative and get funding through Solar DAO.

For Ecotopia to perform as real decentralized and autonomic system on smart contracts, Solar DAO is going to distribute free SD2 tokens, based on ERC721 standard which will be the mechanism of participants’ cooperation. The initial SDAO tokenholders become VIP-users and moderators of Ecotopia. They will also get other bonuses, which will be known later from the Solar DAO team.

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There is no need for trust between its members in Solar DAO decentralized society based on smart-contracts. Trust is the basis of the foundation and, by the way, original Blockchain goal. The team will fulfill this by using the DAICO model to eliminate the trust issue between the nodes offering initiatives and the nodes supporting and financing these initiatives.

Transformed Solar DAO will become an instrument for eco-crowdfunding, enabling implementation of environmental programs, creation of renewable energy generation capacities and other green projects. The Solar DAO Community will unite conscious and progressive people who are ready to make breakthrough steps forward sustainable future.

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Ecotopia platform members may have different roles. A person who wants to propose a project must make a special contribution to the project with SDAO tokens, and complete an extended verification. After a registration and detailed description of the project, first, Solar DAO team of international PV experts will evaluate it, then the project will be submitted for the consideration to Community (on this stage SDAO tokenholers will vote for its construction).

Till the end of 2018 the team is going to work hard on R&D and detailed functional description. And plans to distribute tokens (out of charge and in free access) in two stages in 2019.
The next information and greater announcement will be given later and are discussing in the official telegram chat.

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The Solar DAO origin was built in 2012, while the founders have been already working in solar industry since 1991. The geography of implemented projects is wide: Spain, Russia, South Africa, to name a few.
Media Contacts: Anastasia, as@solardao.me

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Solar DAO 2.0: настоящий ДАО, эко-краудфандинг и новые токены для социально ответственных

07.11.2018 — 0

Блокчейн проект Solar DAO выпустит бесплатные токены и построит «зеленый кикстартер» Ecotopia.

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Solar DAO реформирует «закрытый фонд» в открытый маркетплейс. Они создают юридическую среду с равноправным взаимодействием участников для финансирования / поддержки проектов различными способами. Участники рынка получат множество возможностей, например, выбор устойчивых проектов для инвестирования или предоставления собственного проекта/инициативы и получения финансирования с помощью Solar DAO.

Ecotopia выступает как реальная децентрализованная и автономная система на смарт контрактах, поэтому Solar DAO собирается распространять бесплатные токены SD2 на основе стандарта ERC721, который станет основой механизма взаимодействия участников. Первоначальные владельцы токенов SDAO становятся VIP-пользователями и модераторами Ecotopia. Они также получат другие бонусы, о которых команда Solar DAO расскажет чуть позже.

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Нет необходимости в доверии между членами децентрализованного общества Solar DAO, основанном на смарт контрактах. Доверие является фундаментом фонда и, кстати, первоначальной целью технологии блокчейн. Команда выполнит это, используя модель DAICO, чтобы исключать параметр доверия между узлами, предлагающими инициативы, и узлами, поддерживающими и финансирующими эти инициативы.

Трансформированный Solar DAO станет инструментом для эко-краудфандинга, реализации экологических программ, создания ВИЭ-генераций и других зеленых инициатив. Сообщество Solar DAO объединит сознательных и прогрессивных людей, которые готовы сделать совместные шаги в направлении устойчивого будущего.

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Пользователи Ecotopia могут иметь разные роли. Человек, который хочет предложить проект, должен внести особый вклад в проект токенами SDAO и пройти расширенную верификацию. После регистрации и детального описания проекта команда международных PV экспертов Solar DAO оценит проект, а затем он будет представлен Сообществу на рассмотрение (на этом этапе владельцы SDAO токенов будут голосовать токенами за его строительство).

До конца 2018 года команда будет работать над R&D и подробном описании функционала. А также планирует распространить токены (бесплатно и в свободном доступе) в два этапа в 2019 году.
Подробная информация об изменениях и полный релиз будут доступны позже и в данный момент обсуждаются в официальном Telegram чате. Присоединяйтесь, чтобы оставить свое мнение.

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Solar DAO был основан в 2012 году, а его основатели работают в солнечной индустрии с 1991 года. География реализованных проектов широка: Испания, Россия, Южная Африка, и это лишь некоторые из стран.
Контакты для СМИ: Анастасия, as@solardao.me

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Energy: Monday Updates. #SDdigest

06.11.2018 — 0

  • Bungala Solar Farm goes fully online as Australia’s biggest solar project to date. After being commissioned in stages, the Bungala Solar Farm near Port Augusta in South Australia is now fully operational. At 220 MW/275 MWdc, Bungala is Australia’s largest solar farm completed to date.

  • U.S. Supreme Court justices, hearing a challenge to Virginia’s moratorium on uranium mining, struggled on Monday over how far states can go to ban mining of the radioactive metal for public health reasons before overstepping federal law.
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    The justices heard an hour of arguments in an appeal by a company called Virginia Uranium, Inc seeking to revive a lawsuit thrown out by a lower court that aimed to invalidate Virginia’s ban, enacted in 1982. The company has said that ban conflicts with a federal law regulating nuclear power generation.

  • Volkswagen will consider plans to convert its factories in Emden, and Hannover, Germany to build electric cars during a strategy review on November 16, German daily Handelsblatt said. Volkswagen currently builds the VW Passat passenger car in Emden but the sedan segment has suffered from sagging demand as customers flock to buy sports utility vehicles, prompting a review of the factory’s future.

  • Britain’s renewable electricity capacity has overtaken that of fossil fuel generators such as gas and coal for the first time, a report said. Britain aims to increase its renewable output and close its coal-fired power plants by 2025 as part of efforts to meet climate targets. The report said:
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"A third of fossil fuel generating capacity has retired over the last five years – whilst the capacity from wind, solar, biomass, hydro and other renewables has tripled."

  • PetroChina said it has signed a five-year natural gas contract with Kazakhstan’s KazTransGas, according to a statement published on the Chinese oil major’s website.

  • Electric vehicles are coming, and New England and California better watch out. Consider the following: the transportation sector (planes, trains, and automobiles) accounts for almost 29% of all energy consumed in the United States.

See you tomorrow!

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Energy: Last Weekend Updates. #SDdigest

05.11.2018 — 0

  • The Dubai Water and Electricity Authority (DEWA) has announced it will expand Phase IV of the 5 GW Mohammed bin Rashid Maktoum Solar Park by another 250 MW. The power utility has also revealed that the PPA with the project developer, local energy giant ACWA Power has been amended, and that the new PV portion of Phase IV, which originally included only a 700 MW CSP power plant planned to sell power at $0.073/kWh, will sell power at a tariff of $0.024/kWh. This price equals that of a 1.17 GW solar project currently under construction in Abu Dhabi.

  • NASA is working on a nuclear fission system that could help humans reach Mars. Today, the idea of sending humans to Mars is not such a far-fetched proposition. Elon Musk’s SpaceX, for example, says it has an "aspirational goal" to send a cargo mission to the Red Planet in 2022. A second mission, carrying both cargo and crew, is being targeted for 2024. For its part NASA, together with the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration, has been working on a nuclear reactor power system that it says could "enable long-duration crewed missions to the Moon, Mars and destinations beyond."
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  • Colombia’s national mining and energy planning unit UPME has announced in a circular it will postpone the final bidding rules for the country’s first auction for large-scale renewable energy projects. The authority said that it will provide an updated schedule of the auction in an upcoming circular, without providing further details. Meanwhile, local newspaper La República has reported that UPME’s director, Ricardo Ramírez, and the vice-minister of energy and mines, Diego Mesa, said during a conference that the auction will not be held on January 2, as initially planned, and that it may be held at a later date in the first quarter of 2019.

  • Russian energy producer Gazprom will deliver more gas to its Austrian partner OMV. Deliveries to Austria will be increased by 1 billion cubic metres per year, they added. Gazprom CEO Alexei Miller said:
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"The signing of a document on additional exports beyond the contractual amounts serves as yet another proof of the high demand for Russian gas on the part of our European consumers."

  • The ozone layer that shields life from cancer-causing solar rays is recovering at a rate of one to three percent per decade, reversing years of dangerous depletion caused by the release of harmful chemicals, a UN study said. UN Environment and the World Meteorological Organization said in a statement:
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"Evidence presented by the authors shows that the ozone layer in parts of the stratosphere has recovered at a rate of 1-3 percent per decade since 2000."

See you tomorrow!

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Blockchain: Last Week Updates. #SDdigest

05.11.2018 — 0

  • Australian 209-year-old “snail mail” delivery service is using digital identification technology to enable cryptocurrency exchanges to carry out KYC checks in a matter of minutes, thereby vastly simplifying the process of purchasing crypto in Australia.

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Using Australia Post’s "Digital iD" service, Australian crypto buyers no longer have to spend days waiting for exchanges to verify their uploaded identity documents and photos before permitting them to trade.

"We are devoting significant resources to how we might provide audit services in not just cryptocurrency, but blockchain. Our global team of experienced business, technology and regulatory leaders can help you identify how blockchain can benefit your organization and how to rapidly move these initiatives forward."

  • CryptoKitties creator has now raised almost $75,000 per daily active user, overall $15 million from a few venture capital firms including funds run by heavyweights Google and Samsung in order to expand operations.

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  • In an official statement, the Ukranian government confirmed its plans to establish regulatory frameworks to legalize crypto in Ukraine. The Economic Development and Trade Ministry in Ukraine released a new state policy and two stage plan to oversee various cryptocurrency-related sectors which will be put in full effect by the end of 2021.

  • US banking giant JPMorgan Chase Bank’s blockchain, Quorum, will be used to "tokenize" gold bars. Quorum is the enterprise version of Ethereum that works on smart contracts.

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Explanation how gold bars are tokenized:

A gold bar is wrapped into a tamper-proof case electronically tagged, that allows to track the gold bar from the mine to endpoint – with the use case being, if you know it’s a socially responsible mine, someone will be willing to pay a higher spread on that gold versus if you don’t know where it comes from.

  • New effort to tackle global ocean plastics crisis uses blockchain. Household supplies multinational SC Johnson has announced a pioneering partnership with Plastic Bank, a plastic waste recycling startup, to tackle the threat of global ocean plastics by increasing the rate of recycling across less privileged areas of Indonesia.

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Collection centres with a minimum capacity of 100 metric tonnes of plastic per year will be operational by May 2019.

  • According to new research from major US bank Morgan Stanley. Bitcoin and altcoins are new institutional investment class.

Have a nice and productive week! See you next Monday!

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Energy: Wednesday Updates. #SDdigest

01.11.2018 — 0

  • African airport turns to solar power as it aims to cut emissions. In an announcement earlier this week solar business Solarcentury said it had signed a contract with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to undertake the work at Moi International Airport, in Mombasa.

  • An upgrade to Tesla Inc’s ‘Summon’ auto-parking feature will be ready within six weeks and will allow its vehicles to drive around a parking lot, find an empty spot and read parking signs, Chief Executive Elon Musk said on Thursday. The upgrade will be compatible in all Tesla cars made in the past two years, Musk said in a series of tweets on Thursday.
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  • Depleted Western Balkan rivers hit power generation, up prices. Daily production from Serbia’s hydropower plants dropped by 20 percent to 15 million kilowatt hours (kWh), power utility Elektroprivreda Srbije (EPS) said in an email.

  • The US Environmental Protection Agency has sent its proposal for 2019 blending volumes under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) to the White House for final review, a filing with the Office of Management and Budget showed on Wednesday.

  • Shell profits soar to four-year high. The world’s second-largest listed oil and gas company saw its cash generation from operations rise by nearly 60 percent to $12.1 billion, as deep cost savings in recent years filtered through.
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  • China faces power supply risks as coal-fired capacity growth slows. China added 15.73 gigawatts (GW) of coal-fired power from January to September, though that was 9.54 GW less than in the same period of last year.

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Tram Against Car

31.10.2018 — 0

Since 1980, trams have returned to the many cities in the world. There were many reasons for this, but the main reason is the overcrowding of cities with cars. This public transport has a rich history and many advantages. The first electric tram appeared in Russia in 1880, not far from Petersburg.

The most notable plus of tram is energy efficiency.

Below we wrote the energy usage per passenger-kilometer (pkm) for the car and the tram. The lower figure is an indicator at rush hour, the most energy-efficient time. The highest number is normal operation, not in peak hours.
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Source: Australian Greenhouse Office. National Greenhouse Gas Inventory: Analysis of Recent Trends and Greenhouse Indicators 1990 to 2002, and Australian Methodology for the Estimation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks 2002: Energy (Transport). Industry figures for public transport power consumption and PTUA calculations (see below).

Example:
John is an ordinary citizen, he has a family, a job and a car. He travels every day in his car with a length of 18 kilometers, 9 kilometers to work and 9 kilometers back. The energy consumption of a car will be approximately 84.6 MJ. Even if he works in the same building with his wife and they travel together, then for each energy consumption will be 42.3.
Imagine that John’s car is under repair and he has to get to work by public transport. If the route remains the same, and he takes the tram, John will consume 8 MJ, which is more than ten times less.
Perhaps its route will be longer, due to the specific route of the trams, but even if it doubles (36 km), the consumption will still not exceed 20 MJ.

If John consumes about 75 MJ per day, excluding transportation, then using a car will be 159.6 MJ, and using a tram – 81, which is almost two times less than using a car.

Production costs

The production of any kind of vehicle requires a tremendous amount of energy. This indicator is also important when calculating the efficiency of modes of transport.
100 mJ of energy is expended to produce 1 kg of metal, plastic and other raw materials for a car.

To release a small car weighing 1 ton will require 100,000 MJ or 100 GJ. If for all its existence, it will cover 200,000 km, then this will correspond to 0.5 MJ per km.
Weight of popular cars:
Toyota Camry ~ 1500 kg.
Land Rover Range Rover ~ 2400 kg.
Hummer H2 ~ 3500 kg.

The tram weighs from 20 to 40 tons, but its life time expectancy is from 30 to 50 years. Over its entire existence, it will overcome several million kilometers. If you count the number of daily passengers, you get the number shown in the table.

In most countries electricity for trams is produced by classical methods, and not with the help of “green”stations. When public transport switches to green energy, cars will lose in many ways.

Greater efficiency of trams can be achieved by competent management. The study of the most important routes for citizens, reasonable use of roads, comfort – all this plays a direct role in the energy efficiency of public transport in comparison with the car.

Information is taken from Australian PTUA.

Solar energy is developing faster in the world then electric cars are capturing it so that in the near future we can see how the world is moving to a more environmentally friendly form of transport.

Bonus:
Roosevelt Island Tram
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This tram transports people over the East River Strait in New York. The route runs at an altitude of 76 meters.

Blackpool
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The city of Blackpool especially loves this type of public transport.

Budapest
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In the capital of Hungary, the city of Budapest, the longest trams in the world are 53.9 meters long. By order of the city administration, Siemens has developed forty such trams in order to unload the transport system of the capital.

Jerusalem
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These trams appeared in Jerusalem in 2011. The doors of the cars are made of modern bullet-proof materials, the tram engine is located inside a special protective casing, protecting it from explosions. Each stop is announced in three languages – Hebrew, Arabic, and English.

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Energy: Tuesday Updates. #SDdigest

31.10.2018 — 0

  • Energy companies could feel the effects of climate change on their the bottom line. Ashley Lawson, Senior Solutions Fellow on Policy & Resilience for Washington research giant Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES) said:

“The climate is changing because of greenhouse gases, and that has a net negative effect on society and [companies] are doing something about it.”

  • General Electric slashes quarterly dividend to just a penny a share, starting in 2019.
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  • Plattsburgh turns back invasion of bitcoin miners.Once the miners set up shop, says Read, Plattsburgh started exceeding the quota regularly, and local residents’ electricity bills started going up by as much as 50 percent. If you were used to heating your apartment for $80 a month, all of a sudden it was costing you $120.

  • In a joint effort with Kia Motors, Hyundai Motors is developing solar roofs and bodies for its EVs, hybrids and ICE vehicles to provide additional charging capacity. Depending on solar irradiation levels, the technology could provide 30-60% battery charge per day, the manufacturer says.
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  • German renewables developer Juwi has signed a contract to provide EPC services for a 50 MW project located near to the coast in central Vietnam’s Binh Dinh province. This project brings Juwi’s pipeline in the Southeast Asian country to 130 MW.

  • Chesapeake Energy Corp (CHK.N) on Tuesday agreed to buy Texas oil producer WildHorse Resource Development Corp (WRD.N) in a nearly $4 billion cash-and-stock deal that knocked down the natural gas producer’s shares by more than 12 percent.