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Hope for the Sun. How Solar Energy gives a second life to atomic projects

12.02.2018 — 0

Switzerland, being one of the most progressive and rapidly developing countries in the world, completely abandoned nuclear energy. In May 2017, here was conducted a referendum on energy development. The citizens’ majority voted for abandoning the nuclear power stations. The Swiss government plans to replace the existing stations with ecological facilities — hydropower, wind and solar ones.

The turning point in the world nuclear policy was the well-known accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986. Hundreds of operating nuclear facilities have stopped their work at a moment and still remain in an abandoned option.
The peak of production of nuclear power plants came in 2006. Today’s global trend towards nuclear power plants is its decline. For 20 years, production fell by 7% and in 2015 it was only 10.7%.

After the explosion in Fukushima, many countries have announced a complete abandonment of nuclear energy. In addition to the fact that the largest energy power countries closed most of its nuclear facilities, the governments of such countries as Australia, Portugal, Norway, Georgia, Ireland and many others told about the cancellation of plans for the nuclear construction.

The largest nuclear tragedies of the past 30 years are deeply sat down in human minds. No country would like to repeat such terrible incidents, so even countries whose energy is almost 100% depends on nuclear power are trying to improve the safety of facilities and move to alternative energy sources. Thus, France plans to enter the green energy leaders by 2050.

After the United States came out from the Paris Agreement, French President Emmanuel Macron suggested everyone take part in the struggle against the climate problem — and go to France. “Make our Planet great again!”

Chernobyl

After the accident at the fourth power unit of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the territory of almost 1,000 square kilometers became unsuitable for human use. The abandoned zone was left for many years until the state adopted a new plan for the green energy development in Ukraine.

Pic credit: https://www.epravda.com.ua/news/2018/01/10/632859/

Last year, Ukraine announced a new stage in the RES development, launching a tender for solar plant construction in Chernobyl.

In October 2017, “Solar Chornobyl” began active work on installing the Solar Plant. The beginning of PVS work is planned to be next month. The capacity of this station is approximately 1000 MW, enough to supply the needs of the average village in Ukraine.

The Ukraine Government plans to implement all kinds of support for the reconstruction Chernobyl area (600 hectares) in the RES zone.

Fukushima

In 2019, it is planned to build a solar power plant in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. The area is known primarily due to the nuclear tragedy in 2011. Immediately after the incident, Japan was forced to abandon the use of nuclear power plants. Almost all nuclear facilities were stopped. Regarding this, the government is actively seeking and developing alternative energy in its country.

The future PVS in Fukushima will allocate 42 MW of electricity, reducing the pollution of CO2 by 300,000 tons per year.

Three Mile Island

The accident at the Three Mile Island NPP power unit, which took place in 1979, was not so much a significant event for environmental pollution as the reason for maximizing the already existing nuclear crisis.
1960–1970 period is characterized for America by energy events. During this period hundreds of potentially dangerous objects canceled their work. You can also see the list of 100 closed nuclear power plants in the US.

Recently, forgotten nuclear power plants start being used as safe power stations. For example, an abandoned station in Sergoinsville now has solar panels producing 1 MW of electricity, which is enough for about 100 families.
Of course, solar energy can not be compared with the nuclear production, if the object was used for original purpose. 
Another thing is very important — symbolism*.*

Another example — Kentucky Museum of Coal Mining powered by solar panels.

Solar energy demonstrates — it can become an excellent replacement for the technologies of past.

Solar DAO — a tokenized fund designed for everyone to easily participate in PV solar plants construction across the globe. SDAO tokens on: YoBit.

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How Solar Energy displaces the atomic

01.12.2017 — 0

Recently the construction of two nuclear power plants in US South Carolina was suspended. According to local media, the projects are frozen due to unprofitability. Two more nuclear power plant projects are also likely to be frozen in the state of Georgia. As the scientists note, the peaceful atom is gradually disappearing into the past, giving way to renewable energy sources (RES) — in particular, to solar power stations (SPS). It is expected that by 2050 nuclear power stations will be replaced by SPS everywhere, and such terrible accidents as in Chernobyl in 1986 and in Fukushima in 2011 will never happen again.

Today there are about 130 abandoned nuclear power plants in US. Their places in the market are confidently occupied by SPS. In 2016, the solar energy market in the United States has doubled. And if before 2011, solar panels were most often used for domestic purposes, now the industrialists actively invest in the construction of Solar power stations.

The advantages of RES in comparison with nuclear power plants are recognized even by influential lobbyists of the peaceful nuclear industry. The fact is that in addition to the constant threat of catastrophes of nuclear power plants with subsequent damage to the environment, nuclear power has become too expensive and unprofitable.

Today the United States ranks fifth in the top ten countries in the use of solar energy. Just as the US has become a pioneer in the use of shale oil and gas, they are also leading in terms of the pace of replacing nuclear power plants at SPS.

In US, the largest solar power plants are in the states of Nevada (60 MW), California (250 MW) and Arizona (280 MW).

At present, the closure of nuclear power plants in the United States has become massive. For example, in 2014, the Vermont Yankee was shut down in Wyndham, near Springfield. US operator Entergy has already announced plans to close the Pilgrim nuclear power station in Massachusetts, the Palisades plant on Lake Michigan, the Indian Point nuclear power station, 40 kilometers from New York and the FitzPatrick nuclear power plant on the coast of Ontario.

The **reason for the closure of nuclear power stations **is simple: expensive nuclear energy can not withstand competition with cheap solar energy.

On the one hand, the closure of nuclear power plants is associated with a reduction in staff and the need for waste disposal. But on the other — thanks to SPS will be saved billions of dollars and minimized harm to the environment.

For example, on site and an NPP in the state of Tennessee that was unfinished in 1981, a SPS power station with a capacity of 1 MW is in operation, and its service life is about 30 years.

According to the media, the project to build a nuclear power plant in Tennessee was frozen after the nuclear power station accident at Three Mile Island.

By the way, the accident at the nuclear power plant “Three Mile Island” became the largest accident in the history of the US nuclear power industry. The emergency occurred on March 28, 1979 at the second power unit of the station: leakage of the coolant of the reactor installation. About 50% of the reactor core was melted, and the territory of the nuclear power plant was subjected to significant radioactive contamination. This accident was long before Chernobyl and Fukushima, triggered a surge of anti-nuclear sentiment in American society.

As a result, the authorities were forced to cancel the commissioning of more than 70 previously planned nuclear power stations.

Today, it seems, public concern about the danger of nuclear power plants is gradually weakening, as the world enters the era of RES and SPS. And the significance of this historical process can not be overestimated.

Source: http://abclive.in/world-nuclear-power-plants-replaced-solar-power-plants-2050/


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