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🚀 Solar DAO: Annual Report

25.07.2018 — 0

The key events and goals covering the period from July 2017 to July 2018.

Thank You!

Dear Solar DAO Community,

We are totally proud of working with such smart and supportive people like you. We always like to share the news with our participants and, sure, take the constructive criticism. Our project was made to find like-minded friends willing to change the way that renewable energy is going. So we want to thank everyone for the participation and understanding, it is really important to provide solar energy with any contribution you can make. Our mission is to find the most beneficial PV solar projects and implement them, your mission is much more global. Thank you!

Solar DAO

The idea of ​​Solar DAO was born in 2011.

That time I was working in the investment company “RusEnergoInvest”. Together with “LG CNS” we were implementing large photovoltaic solar projects. Suddenly, I came to understanding that when large investors, companies, and funds can invest in the solar plants’ construction, retail investors, I mean, the ordinary people who are not accredited as investors — cannot afford to participate in such solar business.

Of course, any person can build a small power system for his house. But what if you don’t have a private house, you know that household solar farm has a pretty low yield, and your government is not so RES supportive?

Unfortunately, I didn’t know about the Blockchain technology in 2011, and there was no any Ethereum. Even its origin. 🙂

In the autumn of 2016, I became interested in crypto technologies. I had started self-education and learned almost everything about it: its work principles, types, and so on. I also met with the first blockchain developers. Next, I understood that this technology can be used for my long-standing idea of ​​giving anyone the ability to participate in the solar industry growth.

White Paper 1.0

The whole winter of 2016 was devoted to the idea development and White Paper writing. Already in the spring (2017), we finished the first concepts, which have been tested and discussed with colleagues from The Token Fund, Emercoin, and some other projects. In April 2016 White Paper was completed, and in the summer it was shown to the first early participants. We planned to launch the ICO.

The WP creation was greatly influenced by such projects as TAAS, The Token Fund & Satoshi Pie.


The presale was scheduled for the period from July 27 to August 31, 2017, and we finally decided to continue it till the September 9. After the presale, we made several attempts to have loud marketing to win something for our project, I mean, marketing tests, but everything worked out to zero. Thus, we have the experience for future marketing strategy: saving funds is better than boosting silly campaigns.


We have been preparing for the ICO for a long time. We tried to find a way to structure the company in order to conduct a legal ICO, well, or at least approximately legal. None of the ways was suitable for us. It took a lot of time to work with more than 10 different law companies trying to find the Eldorado.

We want to pay special thanks to the following Lawyers and Companies helping us to solve the issue:

*1. White Stone Digital:
2. CoinOffering:
3. Hassans:
4. GSL Law&Consulting:
5. Ormco:
7. *

During this time, we were also trying to change the concept of Solar DAO to fit the conditions. Finally, we found the best option and stayed in the idea.

Solar DAO’s ICO was scheduled for October-November 2017. We moved it to the winter of 2018 because were busy on the legal structuring. After all, it was completely canceled. There are 1’172’767 SDAO released and no more tokens will be issued. We chose 2 crypto-exchanges for listing our tokens in order to make it usable and not so expensive (some of the exchanges take the listing fee up to the 40 BTC).

The Current Course

The main efforts of our team are strongly focused on the PV projects selection and implementation. Solar DAO will be a central part of the future Fund: a real legal structure for the serious solar project as it should be. And will be so.

We are glad that could finally connect crypto-opportunities with real legislation.

Dmitriy Solodukha — CEO and Founder of Solar DAO.

Key Milestones: 2017 — July 2018

  • July 27 — September 9. Pre-ICO;
  • September — April. Legal structuring;
  • September — Now. Project selection and implementation;
  • October 15. SDAO marketplace release;
  • December. First tokenholders’ voting. Listing on the exchanges (YoBit, IDEX);
  • January. Road Show;
  • February. ICO canceling, new course taking, AMA session;
  • March. KYC procedure starting;
  • March-April. Start of preliminary work and implementation of Kazakhstan and Portugal projects;
  • May-July. Kazakhstan tender preparations and participation, Portugal grid connection point getting.


In this short period of time, our team has gained a lot of experience and success. The main important goal is the legal structuring finalization. Comparing more than 50 different ways to be incorporated, we stopped at the most convenient one, in our view.

Thus, Solar DAO now has the following legal info:

Business name: GOTOSOLAR OÜ
Address: Harju maakond, Tallinn, Kesklinna linnaosa, Roosikrantsi tn 2-K490, 10119

The company is already registered and now we are working on opening a bank account. At the same time, we prepare documents for obtaining the needful licenses. We expect it will take 2–3 months to receive licenses. Based on the results of this work, we plan to:

  • Coordinate KYC / AML procedures with the Bank;
  • Get the licenses allowing us to exchange cryptocurrency and storage it;
  • Conduct test operations with the Bank’s concern;

Road Show

The Solar DAO project participated at the Roadshow made by the Monaco Growth Forum in January 2018. Solar DAO has been represented to over 200 investors (Family Offices, Private Investors, and Funds) in 5 major financial centers of Europe (London, Zurich, Geneva, Lugano, Milano). We got positive feedback and began to work with the people we met.

“Plant a tree” Solar DAO’ Contest

Community Rocks!

Within the first year, Solar DAO has doubled its Community several times. We have more than 2’000 members on our Facebook page, more and more friends are joining us every day. As our last poll shows, Solar DAO Community is a really strong group of people connected by our positive mission to change the future and help renewable energy growth. We care that you are not bored in staying with us, while are waiting for new Solar DAO records in fresh reports :), so we come up with different contests and events. We seriously intend to hold an offline Solar DAO event this year!

Our special thanks are to our contests participants. With your help, we now have a future logo, lots of memes, and even live trees! That’s the best attitude to participate actively.

Surprise. We want to share a small present with our dear Community. 
Here is the Solar DAO Telegram Sticker-pack. Take it, it’s free. 🙂 Hope it will be useful in your conversation about the environment. Thank you for the participation and support, friends.

Better Not to Hurry

We understand that Solar DAO can seem to be much slower in comparison with other blockchain projects. We are also very pleased that our community understands the real state of things and supports us in our way to build solar plants, taking into account all possible risks, and doing it carefully.

I. In order to save the funds, we previously decided not to buy a solar plant in operation to test dividends payment. The cost of a PVS in operation with under 30 kW is comparable to the cost of building a PVS 1 MW (1000 kW), and their average return (ROI) is about 7% per year. For the sake of our participant’s benefit, we are to construct the solar power plants from scratch.

II. So, no test distribution of dividends was made a month after the end of the Pre-ICO. According to preliminary estimates, it would have been about 0.225% of the participation amount. Plus we need to take into account all of the transfer fees.

III. One can also complain about our first Kazakhstan results. Solar DAO team made a huge work in the unreal short way and found a partner to provide the $300’000 financial guarantee in order to participate in tariff bidding. Unfortunately, the final suggested tariff was not suitable for our needs. That’s why we preferred to attend the next Tender in Kazakhstan with 12,5 times bigger quota (250 MW) which will take place in October 2018.

**Bonus: **We have already started to select additional profitable opportunities for construction in Bulgaria, Asia, and the Middle East.

Marketing Report

As we have previously said, Solar DAO doesn’t support the usual way blockchain projects make their marketing. We are aimed to make it classic: provide people with useful content, find suitable partners, doing PR. Each of you can take a part in this campaign by following and reposting.

Nevertheless, we have boosted our marketing last month. During the August we want to refresh the information about our project on Crypto-Relevant platforms and websites.

Here is an example** data of our Facebook page statistics**, which will be just the only start of our marketing (July 2017 — July 2018):
256 Posts, 5’247 Likes, 1’938 Shares, 2’108 Fans.

Twitter & Facebook engagement growth for the last 3 months

Facebook subscribers growth for the last 2 months

**Besides, we’ve achieved **2’300 views to our Youtube announcement video

Offline Events

During this year, our team took its time to attend a few ecxhibitions, and also to conduct an educational meetup.

Dmitriy Solodukha, CEO of Solar DAO, attending the INTERSOLAR exhibition

Aleksander Melekhavets lecturing about the Solar Energy for Imaguru

We plan to attract more people to join our project and to reach the mark of 3000 members by the end of 2018. Solar DAO will not pump the token price, as our tokenholders are the long-term participants, and we sure that it will be more stable and higher after the audience growth.

In the next 3 month, our marketing plans are:

  • Expand the audience in social media;
  • Make more contests and online-events for the Community;
  • Start to be published in magazines and media, including crypto-oriented ones. (Probably 2–3 times a month);
  • Partner with other projects to benefit one another’s;
  • Conduct an offline event;
  • Renew the reporting policy, give more information about our team’s work;
  • Attend the solar shows to reach useful contacts;

We are always open for suggestions, as we’re doing our best for the Community. If any questions, ask the team via the official Solar DAO Telegram Chat.

No Conclusion But work

Thanks for your time, more news will be available soon. Don’t forget to share the information about Solar DAO with your friends and subscribe to our newsletter.


Solar DAO Team

*Solar DAO — a tokenized fund designed for everyone to easily participate in PV solar plants construction across the globe. SDAO tokens on: *YoBit

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Kazakhstan Projects: Tenders for the Tariff, Results & Plans

14.06.2018 — 0

Dear Community!

As you know, all of the successful projects live each week like a year. Almost all of the Solar DAO efforts was accumulated in the offline work. In addition to our main tasks of solar project selection, we’ve had time to start the new marketing campaigns, give a lecture about the Blockchain & Solar Energy to the children, and start a small green contest.

Aleksander Melekhavets lecturing about the Solar Energy | Solar DAO green contest

You may also remember the plan for Kazakhstan projects implementation which we started to follow. For the sake of profitable work and minimal risks, we were needed to participate in two stages of Tariff Bidding. We aimed to implement 1MW + 2MW + 5MW with different proportions of Equity and Debt financing.

The first Tender Fase on 28th of May was not held at all due to lack of bids.

According to the legal rules, it needs to be at least 3 participants bidding for the 150% of suggested quota.

On the second short period of time, we needed to prepare for the Tender on June 6.

Our team has succeeded with the financial partnership. The rule for Tender participation is to have enough funds to bid. In order to do it and to get the Power Purchase Agreement (PPA), we agreed to accept a $300’000 financial guarantee from our partner in return for the interest.

Thus, Solar DAO was to:

  • Provide our partner with a return of at least 20%
  • Save its share of 25%, required for goals and profitability. In other cases, we and community don’t need such a project.

Summed up this conditions, the minimal tariff advantageous for Solar DAO was $0,095/kWh.

The second Tariff Tender took 9 companies (92,9 MW in total) bidding for 20 MW quota. During the 3-hour session, the tariff was decreased from $0.105/kWh to $0.088/kWh. Finally,** such conditions were not suitable for our needs and the funds attracted for this bidding .**

Instead, we have collected the necessary partner contacts, passed all the stages getting experience, and did not waste the funds.

What’s next?

  • We continue our work in Kazakhstan. The next step is to attract the funds for this projects but with more loyal and comfortable conditions. We are sure about success, as we will have more time for negotiations and to be prepared.
  • The next Tender in Kazakhstan with 12,5 times bigger quota (250 MW) will take place in October. Solar DAO definitely going to take a part there.
  • We have already started to select the profitable opportunities for construction in Bulgaria, Asia, and the Middle East.
  • Within a few weeks, we plan to boost our marketing campaign in order to attract more financial partners for our projects.

Stay tuned!

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Legal registration completed. The details

28.04.2018 — 0

As you already know, in addition to PV Solar Plants total capacity expanding, the main mission of Solar DAO is to become a part of the main Fund. In order to reduce the risks of possible claims against Solar DAO from regulators, we decided to implement the legal structure we previously described.

To allow Solar DAO team and participants get the desired result, for the Solar DAO project implementation purposes, we decided to register the company in Estonia.

Thus, Solar DAO now has the following legal info:

Business name: GOTOSOLAR OÜ
Address: Harju maakond, Tallinn, Kesklinna linnaosa, Roosikrantsi tn 2-K490, 10119
Tel .: +372 880 4272

What’s next?

The company is already registered and now****we are working on openning a bank account. At the same time, we prepare documents for obtaining the needful licenses. We expect it will take 2–3 months to receive licenses. Based on the results of this work, we plan:

  • Coordinate KYC / AML procedures with the Bank;
  • Get the licenses allowing us to exchange cryptocurrency and storage it;
  • Conduct test operations with the Bank’s concern;

Why Estonia?

Generally, Estonia is considered to be among the most favorable jurisdictions for ICOs in the world. According to the researchers, Estonia is in the top 15 countries in the world based on amounts of ICOs launched. According to ICO funding report , out of the total $240M raised in Estonia, 28% was collected through ICOs.

Estonia is often compared with countries such as Switzerland, Gibraltar, Lithuania, Singapore and some other, in having the similar approach to ICOs.

What do we get?

Since such registration is one of the most suitable and advantageous ways, now we have the opportunity to:

  • Own other entities in the countries of projects’ implementation;
  • Receive agency fees after selling ready projects;
  • Conduct the profit distribution between the tokenholders;
  • Participate in the main Fund;
  • Have the special licenses to exchange Fiat — Crypto for subsequent distribution.

**If any questions please ask the Solar DAO team via Telegram or simply through the comments. Stay with us, more news soon! **Join us:

If you’ve enjoyed the article, plese support us by the apploud. Click “clap” button as many times as you like it.

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Solar Energy development tendency in 2018

04.04.2018 — 0

As you already know, renewable energy is a promising technology not only to minimize electricity costs but also significantly reduce the negative effect on Ecology. Every year, solar energy increases its pace of development, while reducing productional costs. According to SolarPower Europe, in 2017 the European countries have built 8.6 GW of solar plants, which is almost 2 GW more than a year before. The total solar generation capacity in Europe was 110 GW last year.

Energy Trend made an encouraging forecast for Solar Energy growth in 2018. According to the company, the new installed capacity will pass the mark of 100 GW this year. The solar industry leader — China — will build solar power of almost 50 GW. Despite the fact that China’s RES development rate will be reduced (it was rather bigger than 50 GW last year),** the****global growth will be achieved through the European countries**.

Spain, Mexico, Egypt, the Netherlands, and Brazil will be the new leaders in the solar industry development, — according to Greentech Media research. These countries will cross the 1 GW point and compete with the “old solar champions”.

We should also mention Spain. The country declared plans to build more than 20 GW of solar power plants in various territory parts in 2018. Spain has rich resources for using solar generation due to the high insolation level. The largest project companies like Enel and High Energy are to build PVS without using government funding. Thus, Spain will become a competitive country and will only increase its own installed capacity.

An additional reason for the European Solar Energy growth is the end of the minimum import price (MIP) for solar modules in September 2018, the restriction imposed by the European Commission.

What about the US?

As we remember, in the last 2 years the United States policy in relation to renewable energy has changed dramatically. In June 2017, the country left from the Paris Agreement aimed at preventing global warming and reducing CO2 emissions. The United States have declined support and funding for large-scale green energy development.

Despite this, the number of states that have passed 1 GW point of installed capacity will increase to 18 (from 2018 to 2020), — GreenTech Media reports.

The US solar generation cost for domestic use will remain the highest in the world. An important reason for this is the high customs duties for foreign solar modules. Thus, local producers will be forced to look for ways to reduce the cost by changing production.


The****US solar energy market growth will decline by more than 10%. Again, because of high customs duties. According to GreenTech, the problem will become especially noticeable next year, when early imported photo-electric modules will be no more available.

*Solar DAO — a tokenized fund designed for everyone to easily participate in PV solar plants construction across the globe. SDAO tokens on: *YoBit

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Grid Parity. Explanation in detail

28.03.2018 — 0

The rapid decline in prices for the equipment production and solar power plants maintenance provides this Green Industry a leading place in the renewable energy market and huge prospects for use. Solar energy is the cheapest and most effective way of generating electricity for many countries. In this article, we will talk about Grid Parity and what countries have already managed to achieve it.

Confusion in terminology

Due to insufficient study and lack of scientific presentations, the Parity term is not always identically interpreted. Latter the “Grid Parity” meant a certain comparison of RES with classical types of generation. The term’s essence identified the status of green energy, the improvement of which (the low cost of a RES energy unit compared to coal, gas, nuclear or other) was called Parity.

However, grid electricity can be generated by several types of sources at once, and the tariff includes other parameters in addition to the energy cost. So:

Grid Parity is the case when a consumer using own generation on renewable energy sources could achieve a cost of kilowatt/hour (called LCOE) equal to or lower than the tariff cost from the Grid per kilowatt/hour.

A clear distinction. When does Parity occur?

The European technological and innovative platform for photovoltaics (ETIP PV) has carefully made calculations to show what Grid Parity is, and which countries in Europe have already achieved it. All of important nuances were taken into account.

First of all, the company noted that the consumer’s full self-provision by solar energy is an extremely complex process, since daily generation is variable. Therefore, excessive energy sold to the network at a wholesale price was considered. For real Grid Parity calculations, the data were used without taking the use of power storage. The RES use subsidies and special national tariffs were also not taken into account, for the sake of clear result.

The calculation of the Real Grid Parity was made this way:

  • The cost of consumed electricity is added****to the cost of** electricity sold to the Grid** at a wholesale price.
  • The received value (PV electricity Value) is compared with the cost of electricity generation using solar panels (LCOE). If Value is equal to or greater than the cost of production, then solar generation competitor to Grid consumption. Grid Parity has occurred.

The average PV Electricity Value calculation

Levelised cost of Electricity calculation

Very encouraging results:


Thus, we see that Grid Parity has already been achieved in most European countries. The main decisive factor in the solar energy competitiveness is the rate cost for the investment by capital (WACC). According to the researchers, only tax and legal changes can increase financial expenses.

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Photo report. Solar DAO visit to Greece. The results

23.03.2018 — 0

Recently, the founder of Solar DAO project, Dmitriy Solodukha, returned from a business visit to Greece. Here we will tell about the main results of work.

Preveza, Central Greece. 2.2 MW


First of all, the trip was set for personal inspection of promising projects, ready for construction. Stations are located in the north of Greece, near the city of Xanthi. As we described earlier in the blog, we try to personally come to the place, check the project and talk with its owner, having found out all the necessary information.

We also planned to check two ready-made solar power plants for sale. We inspected the objects, made high-quality photos/videos from drones, checked the documentation, talked to the seller and made high-quality presentations for each of the stations. The purpose of this work — to offer ready PVS to family offices, with whom we have agreed on cooperation after the Roadshow. In this way we can:

  • Break the psychological barrier to joining the fund, starting cooperation.
  • Earn on commission. We plan to distribute half of the commission income among SDAO tokenholders. The rest of the funds will be used in other projects.


  1. We have visited the first project: two stations in the center of Greece: 5.3 MW plant in the city of Arta, 2.2 MW plant in the city of Preveza. It is a one complete project consisting of two stations. We agreed to cooperate with the project owners — a construction company that participated in the Olympic Stadium implementation in Athens. We consider the possibility to construct together a 24 MW project in central Greece.
  2. Visited and agreed to cooperate with the owners of the second project in the north of Greece: 2 MW plant near the city of Xanthi.
  3. Agreed for the maintenance of our future PVS in Greece.
  4. Met with the project company owner in the north of Greece. Checked the project for the future construction and ready to conclude an agreement.

Arta. 5.3 MW PV solar plant in central Greece

Preveza. 2.2 MW PV solar power plant

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Ecohouse. Zero and negative consumption

21.03.2018 — 0

Green building — is a promising way of residential house construction, which only starts to get fame and popularity in the world. Most often the term “ecohouse” is associated with a fashionable home in the style of high-tech. However, the ecohouse is not only a beautiful, but also economical and safe house, created from environmentally friendly materials and equipped for complete autonomy.** 
Zero energy consumption is achieved with renewable energy**, which supplies the homes of a new generation.

Pic credit:

What is an autonomous house?

The main feature of such housing is the lack of need to take communications and energy from a common grid.

Does not depend on external power

The issue of electricity is important in any type of housing. Certain modifications help owners to abandon the use of electricity from the grid, and also significantly reduce the cost of utilities.

The ecohouse’s autonomy is achieved with consideration of the following parameters:

  • The correct selection of solar panels and their location.
  • A suitable model of wind mini-stations and their location near the house (vertical and horizontal types of wind turbines).
  • Careful calculation of power consumption.

Sewerage is not a problem for an ecohouse

Laying of sewer channels is a very expensive operation and depends on the state of urban networks. The search for reliable service companies is another complex task.

In an ecohouse, the drainage communication issue is solved with the help of water purification systems and wells. The septic tank allows householder to defend polluted water, and to immerse clean water in the ground. Such a system does not require a lot of funds and is not complicated. A truly autonomous house can be implemented in any place.

Heating and cooking system

Installation of gas boilers and cookers is an optimal eco-solution, since it is impractical and expensive to use solar energy for electric cookers. A propane boiler is used for cooking.

A geothermal system with an electric heat pump is best way of eco-heating. The installation of this system is expensive and time-consuming, but using this method you can equip the house with a complete climate control, keeping warm in winter, and providing cool in summer. Ecohouse projects are made with good thermal insulation for heat loss reducing.

Water supply

Depending on the owner’s budget, water supply for ecohouses can be carried out in two ways:
• Installing a well —can be implemented by yourself.
• Digging a borehole— will cost more, you need to find a company engaged in such works and arrange a convenient access for the equipment. Water from the well is much cleaner, the well itself will take up less space, and it will pay off soon.
For pumping water from the borehole, water tank and electric pump are installed on the ecohoese’s roof. The reservoir provides water pressure throughout the house.

Hot water supply will not become a big problem either. Since it is enough to install a faucet with a built-in water heater in order to obtain the required amount of hot water, without extra costs.

Pic credit:

Negative energy consumption

In the small Norwegian town of Larvik it was built ecohouse, which not only meets all the environmental parameters and is served by renewable energy sources, but also accumulates the excess. According to the calculations of ZEB designers, the house produces more than 19,000 kW/h of electricity annually, and its own maintenance takes slightly more than 7,000 kW h. Surpluses of electric power are stored for the purpose of subsequent sale, or are spent for powering the electric car and heating the pool.

The house design is made taking into account the natural light, with a minimal darkening. So in the period from spring to autumn, the residents can have dinner in a glassed room, lit by the sun. The roof of this ecohouse is equipped with solar panels and batteries.

Pic credit:

ZEB eco house pilot project is an excellent example for other construction companies. This is exactly what the creators wanted to achieve — to show that ecohouse can save a huge amount of energy and be financially profitable. Over the next few years eco modernized homes’ supply and demand are expected to increase in Norway.

According to the “Directive on the energy performance of buildings”, by 2020 the EU countries will allow building only of houses with zero energy consumption. So the European Commission has identified targets for the major construction companies in Europe — study and implement renewable energy in the usual life of people.

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The beginning of KYC procedure

06.03.2018 — 0

In the last announcement, the Solar DAO team told about plans for the next months. The first PV solar plant construction should start this month. After PVS’ commissioning and finishing final works, Solar DAO will start working on profits distribution. In order for the Project to follow our planned course and achieve financial goals, the KYC procedure among the tokenholders is need to be conducted.

What is KYC?

KYC is an acronym for “Know Your Client” procedure. KYC is a simple process of Verification for Solar DAO Participants. This is verification procedure is created to meet the requirements of regulators and for the proper profit distribution.

If you do not have problems with ID, we advise you to complete KYC as soon as possible. This will allow us to quickly proceed to the next stage of work.

How to pass KYC

Brief instruction on “how to verify yourself”:

  • Log in to create a new account
  • Confirm your email address by clicking on the link.
  • Create a new wallet and securely store the Private Key.
  • Start verification by clicking on the “Pass KYC” button.
  • Attentively and correctly tape all the information, following the attached instructions.
  • Attach the form with photos or scans of documents. Make selfie with the document, add it to the form and complete the registration.

Applications are processed within two business days. You will be notified about changes via email.


Your personal information is securely stored and not transferred to any third parties. Solar DAO creates a reliable project and seeks to ensure that all investment processes are carried out in compliance with the legislation in the interests of our participants.

What documents need to be prepared?

We accept Passport (preferred), Travel Passport, Driving license, Identity Card and such Proof of Residency as Utility Bill (less than 3 months old), Bank statement, Credit card statement or proof of residence certificate.

After completing the KYC procedure, we will be able to make our project even better. Verification does not take you much time, as we tried to make it the most simple and understandable. If any questions, ask Solar DAO team via Telegram chat.

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Solar drones. Work at PV plants

22.02.2018 — 0

We decided to continue a small series of articles about technological innovations — unmanned aerial vehicles. Last time we told what unusual and useful solar-powered drones exist on the market.

Solar DAO — a tokenized fund designed for everyone to easily participate in PV solar plants construction across the globe. SDAO tokens on: YoBit

Today we will pay attention to special drones, designed for work at solar stations.
Maintenance of solar panels is a hard and time-consuming process. As a rule, special workers manually bypass the PVS and check the efficiency of its individual parts. But despite such a thorough maintenance method, it can be quite difficult to understand that the module has failed, or its power output has decreased.

The main problems that arise in solar power plants work (according to NREL):

Panel Errors. Solar panels are long-serving and trouble-free, but its work can limited by pollution. Fallen leaves, grass, branches slow the module’s operation, creating a thermal point — the place with garbage is heated. If the panel temperature rises, there is a risk not only of stopping work but also of a fire. The solar panel will also be hot if it has mechanical damages — chips and scratches. Therefore, it is very important to detect the problem in time and prevent the system from shutting down.

System failures. These problems include errors in the inverter due to worn-out connection, the old worn out cables, fuses failure. It also includes the problem in alternate connection of modules to each other (network disconnection).

Construction error. Each solar module is installed on special fasteners — racks. In order for the panel to follow the angle of sunlight, mobile structures are installed. If the installation does not follow a lot of nuances, the rack is not reliably fixed, the solar panel can significantly reduce its energy production. It is important to notice and fix this problem ASAP.

Drones are able to recognize the malfunctions in the PVS operation and eliminate them. Some devices are used to continuously monitor the panels’ operation and keep it in proper condition.


SunPower has been using its own drones for a long time. The use of drones makes it possible to build PVS faster than before. Special drones are launched to explore the area potentially suitable for construction. After that, the developers study the data collected by the drone, and like the Tetris game, superimpose blocks of future modules and inverters on the area’s photo. This allows the company to design the most effective solar power plant in the specified territory.

Credit: Atlas Projekt


The use of special drones can prevent the problem of solar panels heating. These drones are attached with infrared cameras and various sensors that help viewing the PVS area and each separate module installed (even in direct degrees). With the help of infrared cameras, you can notice the minimal heating of the panel and eliminate it in time.

There are a lot of companies that have developed their own drones for PVS television monitoring in the market. It is only necessary to send drones to the modules, get the data from cameras and determine which panels need cleaning or repair.

For solar plant servicing **Solar DAO has chosen drones from **ATLAS Projekt.
A great advantage is that Atlas Drones allow you to not only monitor panels with a thermal imager but also fully serve the PVS.

  • Aerial solar plant photography
  • Thermal territory imaging not only in manual mode but also along a given course
  • Visual sensors for detecting malfunctions in structures or connections
  • A full report on each inspection performed for every module.


The Aerial Power company has invented its own drone for solar panels cleaning. According to the developers, regular cleaning of surfaces from dust and dirt will allow achieving constantly high energy production. Polluted modules reduce its efficiency by almost a third.

Credit: Aerial Power

Solar Brush is able to work autonomously on a given route. The drone slides on the solar panel, shaking the dust with brushes. Small robots are able not only to support the PVS efficiency but also reduce the cost of its maintenance since they almost do not require human participation in work.

The technologies of unmanned aerial vehicles allow developers to reduce costs at all stages of the PVS operation: from the planning stage to the regular servicing. Stay with Solar DAO to know the latest innovations in solar energy.

*Solar DAO — a tokenized fund designed for everyone to easily participate in PV solar plants construction across the globe. SDAO tokens on: *YoBit